Potential of non-fumigant nematicides at different formulations against southern root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) on tomato plants

Mohamed S. Khalil, Abdulqawi A. A. Alqadasi

Abstract


Currently, plant parasitic nematodes (PPN) especially root knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. have been found involved in the global losses of tomato crops. The most employed tactic for managing PPN in Africa is non-fumigant nematicides. Recently, in Egypt abamectin was recorded as a new tool to control PPN. Thus, two pot experiments were conducted to evaluate the potential of abamectin and certain non-fumigant nematicides namely; oxamyl and ethoprophos at two different formulations (granular and liquid) against southern root knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) on tomato plants under greenhouse conditions. Results revealed the granular formulations of ethoprophos and oxamyl, in addition to abamectin, showed the same significance (P≤0.05) in suppressing tomato soil population and root galls of M. incognita, during both experiments. However, liquid formulations of ethoprophos and oxamyl gave relatively less decreasing in soil population and root galls. On the other hand, all applied treatments improved plant growth criteria ranging from 36.92 to 126.44% in shoot dry weight and from 31.25 to 137.50% in root dry weight for both experiments.


Keywords


Nematicides; Abamectin; Meloidogyne incognita; pesticides formulation

References


Ahmad, F. and M. A. Siddiqui. 2009. Management of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita in tomato. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 27: 369-73.

Amin, A. W. and M. Abd El-Wanis. 2014. Protecting Cucumber Against Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne Incognita Using Grafting Onto Resistant Cucurbit Rootstocks and Interplanted Tagetes Spp. as an Alternatives to Cadusafos Nematicide Under Protected Plastichouse Conditions. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 3: 167-75.

Ayoub, S. M. 1980. Plant nematology: An Agricultural Training AidNema Aid Publications. Sacramento, California, USA. pp. 195.

Bunt, J. A. 1987. Mode of action of nematicides. In: J. A. Veech and D. W. Dickson (eds.), Vistas on Nematology: A Commemoration of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Society of Nematologists: Hyattsiville, MD. USA.

Corbett, J. R., K. Wright and A. C. Baillie. 1984. The Biochemical Mode of Action of Pesticides Academic Press: London.

CoStat Software. 2005. Microcomputer program analysis, Version 6.303CoHort Software. Monterey, CA, USA.

El-Nagdi, W. M. A., O. M. Hafez and M. A. Saleh. 2015. Impact of a biocide abamectin for controlling of plant parasitic nematodes, productivity and fruit quality of some date palm cultivars. Scientia Agriculturae, 11: 20-25.

El-Nagdi, W. M. A. and M. M. A. Youssef. 2004. Soaking faba bean seed in some bio-agents as prophylactic treatment for controlling Meloidogyne incognita root-knot nematode infection. Journal of Pest Science, 77: 75-78.

El-Tanany, M. M., M. S. El-Shahaat and M. S. Khalil. 2017. Efficacy of Three Bio-pesticides and Oxamyl Against Citrus Nematode (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) and on Productivity of Washington Navel Orange Trees. Egyptian Journal of Horticulture, 45: 275-87.

Huang, W.-K., J.-H. Sun, J.-K. Cui, G.-F. Wang, L.-A. Kong, H. Peng, S.-L. Chen and D.-L. Peng. 2014. Efficacy evaluation of fungus Syncephalastrum racemosum and nematicide avermectin against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita on cucumber. PLoS one, 9: e89717.

Hussey, R. S. 1973. A comparison of methods of collecting inocula of Meloidogyne spp., including a new technique. Plant Disese Reporter, 57: 1025-28.

Ibrahim, H. S., M. A. Radwan, A. F. S. A. Saad, H. A. Mesbah and M. S. Khalil. 2018. Assessing the potential of some Egyptian plants as soil amendments in Meloidogyne incognita management on tomato. Journal of Biopesticides, 11: 154-60.

Ibrahim, I. K. A. 2011. Nematode pests parasitic on agricultural field crops. Manshaat El. Maaref, Alexandria: 2010.

Khalil, M. E.-d. H., A. Allam and A. T. Barakat. 2012. Nematicidal activity of some biopesticide agents and microorganisms against root-knot nematode on tomato plants under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 52: 47-52.

Khalil, M. S. and S. S. I. Abd El-Naby. 2018. The integration efficacy of formulated abamectin, Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus subtilis for managing Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood on tomatoes. Journal of Biopesticides, 11: 146-53.

Lopez-Perez, J. A., S. Edwards and A. Ploeg. 2011. Control of root-knot nematodes on tomato in stone wool substrate with biological nematicides. Journal of nematology, 43: 110.

Luc, M., R. A. Sikora and J. Bridge. 2005. Plant-parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture - Second editionCABI Publishing. Wallingford, UK. pp. 871.

Martin, R. J., A. P. Robertson and A. J. Wolstenholme. 2002. Mode of action of the macrocyclic lactones. In, Macrocyclic lactones in antiparasitic therapy: United Kingdom, Wallingford, UK.

Mostafa, F. A., R. A. Ali and H. S. Zawam. 2015. Effect of certain commercial compounds in controlling root-knot nematodes infected potato plants. Journal of Phytopathology and Pest Management, 2: 9-19.

Muzhandu, R. T., C. C. Chinheya, S. Dimbi and P. Manjeru. 2014. Efficacy of abamectin for the control of root-knot nematodes in tobacco seedling production in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9: 144-47.

Netscher, C. and D. P. Taylor. 1974. An improved technique for preparing perineal patterns of Meloidogyne spp. Nematologica, 20: 268-69.

Raddy, H. M., A. F. A. Fouad, S. A. Montasser, M. F. Abdel-Lateef and A. M. El-Samadisy. 2013. Efficacy of six nematicides and six commercial bioproducts against root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita on tomato. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9: 4410-17.

Radwan, M. A., A. S. A. Saad, H. A. Mesbah , H. S. Ibrahim and M. S. Khalil. 2019. Investigating the in vitro and in vivo nematicidal performance of structurally related macrolides against the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 12: 24-37.

Saad, A.-F. S. A., M. A. Massoud, H. S. Ibrahim and M. S. Khalil. 2012. Activity of nemathorin, natural product and bioproducts against root-knot nematodes on tomatoes. Archives of phytopathology and plant protection, 45: 955-62.

Saad, A. S. A., M. A. Radwan, H. A. Mesbah, H. S. Ibrahim and M. S. Khalil. 2017. Evaluation of some non-fumigant nematicides and the biocide avermactin for managing Meloidogyne incognita in tomatoes. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 35: 85-92.

Sharma, I. P. and A. K. Sharma. 2015. Effects of initial inoculums levels of Meloidogyne incognita J2 on development and growth of Tomato cv. PT-3 under control conditions. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 9: 1376-80.

Tatsuta, K. 2015. Celebrating the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine of Dr Satoshi Ōmura. The Journal Of Antibiotics, 69: 1.


Full Text: PDF XPS

DOI: 10.33687/phytopath.008.01.2899

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Mohamed S. Khalil

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.