MYTH AND REALITY OF VULNERABILITY TO DISASTER: PRESSURE AND RELEASE MODEL FOR HAZARDS IN BANGLADESH

Tarak Aziz

Abstract


Climate change effects like flood, tropical cyclone with storm surge, salinity, drought, water logging etc. that affect Bangladesh agriculture and coastal area and organizations as well as socio-economy of the country, however There is no researchers and scientist didn’t establish any particular standard hazard model yet to examine, estimate and analyze the people’s vulnerabilities to disaster due to adverse events. There is a complexity yet between ecological and social system of our country. The people of Bangladesh don’t know yet how vulnerabilities with root causes, dynamic pressures and unsafe conditions contribute to form a hazard or disaster due to climate change. Therefore, the aim of this study is to adapting with the climate change shocks and stress in use of well established conceptual framework such as Pressure and Release model (PAR). There are many significant major factors such as decision making power, political power, resources, environmental degradation insecure livelihood and inadequate measure of state to reduce the disaster risks. The mechanisms were adopted with a PAR model. Large scale disaster to life and livelihood of the people caused for both slow onset changes in climate and unpredictable weather shocks. Despite Social safety net services (SSNS) may help to relief some pressures due to climate change by coordinating disaster risk management (DRM) and climate change adaptation (CCA), it is not enough yet. 


Keywords


Climate change adaption (CCA), Disaster risk reduction (DRR), Dynamic pressure, Pressure and release model (PAR), Progression of vulnerability, Root cause, Unsafe condition.

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References


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  Journal of South Asian Studies
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