Analysis of Improved Indigenous Chicken Adoption Among Smallholder Farmers: Case of Makueni and Kakamega Counties, Kenya

Christopher N. Kamau, Lucy W. Kabuage, Eric K. Bett

Abstract


Indigenous chicken (IC) production is a source of food security and income among smallholder farmers within high potential areas and semi-arid lands (ASAL). The demand for IC eggs and meat is anticipated to increase threefold by the year 2020 by health conscious consumers. However, potential of IC to contribute to household incomes and poverty alleviation in ASAL is constrained by slow maturity of IC and low productivity. Hence, to address these constraints improved indigenous chicken (IIC) technologies have been developed and introduced to smallholders in high potential area and ASAL. However, only a few smallholder farmers have adopted the IIC technologies. Therefore the objective of this study was to determine the effect of farmer socioeconomic characteristics on adoption and intensity of adoption the IIC technology in Makueni and Kakamega counties. A total of 384 households were sampled using multi-stage sampling to collect data through interviews. The collected data was analyzed using a double hurdle model. The results suggest that sex of the household head, farm size, group membership, which had not been previously identified in IIC studies as a significant variable, distance to training centre, off-farm activities and IIC awareness significantly affected adoption decision of improved IC. On the other hand education of the household head, household size, farm size, source of information on IIC and awareness on IIC had significant effects on the level of adoption. The recommendations from this study have an implication on extension policy, land use policy, food policy, collective action and pricing policy in the context of technology adoption in Kenya.


Keywords


Adoption, double hurdle, indigenous chicken, membership, training, technology.

Full Text:

PDF XPS

References


Abreha, N. H. (2007). An Economic Analysis of Farmers’ Risk Attitudes and Farm Households’ Responses to Rainfall Risk in Tigray Northern Ethiopia. Hoogleraar Agrarische Economie en Plattelandsbeleid (Vol. PhD).

Aboki, E., Jongur, A.A.U. & Onu, J.I. (2013). Productivity and Technical Efficiency of Family poultry production in Kurmi local Government Area of Taraba State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture & Sustainability, 4 (1).

Adomako, K., Hagan, J.K. & Olympia, O.S. (2010). The productivity of local chickens in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Ghananian Journal of Animal Science, 5 (2), 113 - 118.

Adesina, A. Baidu.-Forson. (1995). Farmers' perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa. Agricultural Economics , 13, 1-9.

Adesina, A. & Zimnah,M (1993). Technology characteristics, farmers' perceptions and adoption decisions: A Tobit model application in Sierra Leone. Agricultural Economics , 297-311.

Akudugu, M., Guo, E., Dadzie, S. (2012) Adoption of Modern Agricultural Production Technologies by Farm Households in Ghana: What Factors Influence their Decisions? Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 2(3).

Arnholt, M. (2001). Evaluating Adoption And Uses Of Precision Farming Technologies. A Thesis Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics in the Graduate School of The Ohio State University . Ohio, USA: Ohio State University.

Asrat, S.M. Y. (2010). Farmers' preferences for crop variety traits: Lessons for on-farm conservation and technology adoption. Ecological Economics , 2394-2401.

Awol Zeberga. (2010). Analysis of Poultry Market Chain:The Case of Dale and Alaba ’Special" Woredas of SNNPRS,Ethiopia. Haramaya University.

Awuni. J.A. (2003). Strategies for the improvement of Rural Chicken production in Ghana. 34 - 37.

Ayieko, D.M.O., Bett, E.K. & Kabuage, L.W. (2014). Analysis of the efficiency of Indigenous Chicken marketing channels in Makueni County, Kenya. Journal of Economics & Sustainable Development, 3 (2).

Bett, H.K., Peters, K., Nwankwo, U. & W. Bokelmann. (2011, October). Estimating consumer preference & willingness to pay for the underutilized indigenous chicken products.

Beshir,H. (2014). Factors affecting the adoption and intensity of use of improved forages in North East Highlands of Ethiopia. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 4 (1), 12 -27.

Bwalya,R & Thomson,.K. (2014). An Analysis of the Value Chain for Indigenous Chicken in Zambia,Lusaka and Central Provinces. Journal of Agricultural studies, 2 (2), 32-49.

Challa,M & Tilahun,U (2014). Determinants and impacts of Modern Agricultural Technology Adoption in West Wollega : The case of Gulliso District. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 4 (20).

Chi, T.C.C & Yamada,R (2002). Factors affecting farmers’ adoption of technologies in farming system: A case study in OMon district, Can Tho province,Mekong Delta. Omonrice , 10: 94-100.

Cornell, A. (2010). Small actor, big opinion: Least Developed Countries participation in climate change networks. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 4, 59–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.483

Cragg, J. (1971). Some statistical models for limited dependent variables with application to the demand for. Econometrica, 39, 829–844.

Demeke, E. T. (2015). Characterization of Husbandry Practices,Adoption and Impact of Village Poultry Technology Packages in Central Oromia Region,Etthiopia. A Dissertation Submitted to College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University for Fulfillment of the Requirement of Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Animal Production .

Dana, N. (2011). Breeding programs for indigenous chicken in Ethiopia Analysis of diversity in production systems and chicken populations. Wagingen University.

Doss, C.R & Morris, M.L. (2001). How does gender affect the adoption of agricultural innovation? The case of improved maize technologies in Ghana. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 25, 27-39.

Ectad (FAO). (2009). GOOD PRACTICES IN SMALL SCALE POULTRY PRODUCTION : A manual for trainers and producers in East Africa, 99. Retrieved from http://www.fao-ectad-nairobi.org/IMG/pdf/Poultry_Manual_for_Trainers_and_Producers.pdf

Epiphane Sodjinou, A. H. (2012). Community-Based Management and Interrelations between Different Technology Adoption Decisions:Innovations in Village Poultry Farming in Western Africa. Institute of Food and Resource Economics University of Copenhagen FOI Working Paper .

Ezezika, O. C., Mabeya, J., & Daar, a S. (2012). Harmonized biosafety regulations are key to trust building in regional agbiotech partnerships: the case of the Bt cotton project in East Africa. Agriculture and Food Security, 1(Suppl. 1), S8. https://doi.org/10.1186/2048-7010-1-S1-S8

Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO). (2015). Food security impact of agricultural technology adoption under climate change Micro-evidence from Niger. Rome: Food And Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). (2012). Small Livestock, big impacts. Retrieved october 5, 2014, from http: //www.fao.com

FAO. (2012). Small livestock, big impact. Retrieved February 3, 2015, from http://ilriclippings.wordpress.com.

FAO, ECTAD. (2009). Good Practices in Small scale poultry production. A manual for Trainers and procedures in E. Africa .

Fisher, D. N. (2000). Understanding technology adoption through system dynamics modeling: implications for agribusiness management. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review , 3:281–296.

Ghimire, R. Wen,C.H.,Shrestha,R. (2015). Factors Affecting Adoption of Improved Rice Varieties among Rural Farm Households in Central Nepal. Rice Science , 22(1): 35−43.

Gillespie, J. N. (2014). The adoption of technologies, management practices, and production systems in U.S. milk production. Agricultural and Food Economics , 2:17.

GOK. (2007). Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey. Government of Kenya, Nairobi,Kenya.

Greene, W.H. (2000). Econometrics analysis (4th Edition).

Heckman, J.J. (1979). Sample bias as a specification Error, Econometrica (Vol. 47 (1)).

Hossen, M.J. (2010). Effect of management intervention on the productivity and profitability of indigenous chicken under rural condition in Bangladesh. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 22 (10).

Ibitoye, S.J. (2011). The influence of socio-economic variables on the choice of Cassava varieties in Kogi State. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 185-193.

Kahi, A.K., Magothe, T.M., Okeno, T.O. & Muhuyi, W.B. (2012). Indigenous Chicken Production in Kenya. Prospects of Research adn Development. (A. Kahi, Ed.)

Kandia, J.. & Kitalyi, A.J. (2002). Commercializing rearing of village chicken in Kenya.

KARI. (2011). Kenya Agricultural Research Institute Annual Report.

Kidanemariam, G.E., Erick, M., Jozef, D., Kindeya, G., Hans, B. &

Miet, M. (2013). The Economic Impact of a New Rural Extension

Approach in N.Ethiopia. Working Paper, Bioeconomics, Ethiopia.

King'ori, A., Wachira, A. & Tuitoek, J. (2010). Indigenous Chicken production in Kenya. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9 (4).

King'ori, A.M., Wachira, A.M., & Tuitoek, J.K. (2010). Indigenous Chicken Production in Kenya. A review, International Journal of Poultry Science, 9 (4), 309 - 316.

Magothe, T., Okeno, T., Muhuyi, W., & Kahi, A. (2012). Indigenous chicken production in Kenya: II. Prospects for research and development. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 68(August 2015), 133–144. https://doi.org/10.1017/S004393391200013X

Kummar,R.D., M.I. Saiful., Ashraful, K. (2013). Production performance of Indigenous Chicken (Gallus Domesticus L.) in some selected areas of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. (M. S. R.Kummar Dutta, Ed.) American journal of Experimenntal Agriculture, 3 (2), 308-323.

Lyimo, H. E. (2013). Impact of Adoption of Local Improved Chicken production methods in Tanzania:Case Study of Umadep and ILRP SUA projects. A Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Management of Natural Resources for Sustainable Agriculture of Sokoine University of Agriculture Morogoro Tanzania .

Magothe, T.M., Okeno, T.O., Muhuyi, W. & Kahi, A.K. (2012). Indigenous Chicken production in Kenya: 1. Current Status. Worlds poultry Science Journal , 119-132.

Mal, P.A.,Asif, R.A., Bauer, S. & Michael, P. S. (2012). Bt Cotton Adoption: A Double-hurdle Approach for North Indian farmers. 15 (3), 294 - 302.

Mapiye, C.M., Mwale, J.F., Mupangwa, M., Chimonya, R & Mutenje, M.J. (2008). A Research Review of Village chicken production constraints and opportunities in Zimbabwe. Asia- Australian Association of Animal Production Societes, 21 (11), 1680 -1688.

Masha, E. M. (2011). Assesment of Technology Adoption for free range local chicken improvement in local chicken improvement in Mzumbe ward Mvomero District Morogoro. A dissertation presented in Partial fulfilment of requirements of Degree of Masterof Science in Tropical Animal production of Sokoine University of Agriculture. Morogoro, Tanzania.

Menge, E.O., Kosgey, I.S. & Kahi, A.K. (2005). Bioeconomical Model to support breeding of Indigenous Chicken in different production systems. International Journal of Poultry Science, 4 (11).

Mengesha, M. (2012). Indigenous Chicken production & the innate characteristics. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 6 (2), 56 - 64.

Mc Fadden, D. (2001). Economic Choices. The American Economic Review ,91,3, 351-378.

Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development.(MoLD) (2011). Animal production Annual Report. Nairobi, Kenya.

Moreki, J., Dikeme, C. & Poroga, B. (2010). The Role of Village Poultry in food security and HIV/AIDS mitigation in Chobe District of Botswana. Livestock Resurces for Rural Development (22).

Njue, S. K. (2006). Assessing the economic impact of commercial poultry feeds supplementation and Vaccination against New Castle Disease in local chicken in Kenya. Proceedings of a Final Research coordination meeting organized by Joint FAO & IAEA. Viena.

Ochieng,J., George, O., Bockline, O.M. (2011). Management practices and challenges in Smallholder indigenous Chicken production in western Kenya. Journal of Agriculture & Rural Development in the Tropics and Sub-tropics, 1 (114).

Okello, J.J., Gitonga, Z., Mutune, J., Okello, R.M., Afande, M. & Rich, K.M. (2010). Value Chain Analysis of the Kenyan poultry industry. The case of Kiambu, Kilifi, Vihiga and Nakuru Districts. HPAI Working Paper 24, Washington D.C.

Okello, J.J., Gitonga, Z., Mutune, J., Okelo, R.M., Afande, M. & Rich, K.M. (2010). Value Chain Analysis of the Kenyan poultry Industry. Kenya.

Lambert, D. P. (2015). Bundled Adoption of Precision Agriculture Technologies by Cotton Producers. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics , 40(2):325–345.

Mendola, M. (2007). Agricultural technology adoption and poverty reduction: A propensity-score matching analysis for rural Bangladesh. Food Policy , 32:372–393.

Muzari, W. G. (2012). The Impacts of Technology Adoption on Smallholder Agricultural Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review. Journal of Sustainable Development , Vol. 5, No. 8; 69-77.

Abreha, N. H. (2007). An Economic Analysis of Farmers’ Risk Attitudes and Farm Households’ Responses to Rainfall Risk in Tigray Northern Ethiopia. Hoogleraar Agrarische Economie en Plattelandsbeleid (Vol. PhD).

Awol Zeberga. (2010). Analysis of Poultry Market Chain:The Case of Dale and Alaba ’Special" Woredas of SNNPRS,Ethiopia. Haramaya University.

Cornell, A. (2010). Small actor, big opinion: Least Developed Countries participation in climate change networks. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 4, 59–70.

Dana, N. (2011). Breeding programs for indigenous chicken in Ethiopia Analysis of diversity in production systems and chicken populations. Wagingen University.

Ectad (FAO). (2009). GOOD PRACTICES IN SMALL SCALE POULTRY PRODUCTION : A manual for trainers and producers in East Africa, 99. Retrieved from http://www.fao-ectad-nairobi.org/IMG/pdf/Poultry_Manual_for_Trainers_and_Producers.pdf

Ezezika, O. C., Mabeya, J., & Daar, a S. (2012). Harmonized biosafety regulations are key to trust building in regional agbiotech partnerships: the case of the Bt cotton project in East Africa. Agriculture and Food Security, 1(Suppl. 1), S8. https://doi.org/10.1186/2048-7010-1-S1-S8

Kingori, a. M., Wachira, a. M., & Tuitoek, J. K. (2010). Indigenous chicken production in Kenya: A review. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9(4), 309–316. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2008.2525.2531

Magothe, T., Okeno, T., Muhuyi, W., & Kahi, A. (2012). Indigenous chicken production in Kenya: II. Prospects for research and development. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 68(August 2015), 133–144.

Republic of Kenya (RoK). (2013). Kenya Economic Report 2013. Nairobi.

Sodjinou, E., & Henningsen, A. (2012). Community-Based Management and Interrelations between Different Technology Adoption Decisions : Innovations in Village Poultry Farming in Western Africa Epiphane Sodjinou.

Thiruvenkadan.A.K., Muralidharan., Rajendran.R., S. (2013). Genetic Resources for family poultry production in India. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

ROK. (2010). Agricultural Sector Development Strategy. Nairobi.

ROK. (2007). Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey. Government of Kenya, Nairobi,Kenya.

Sadya A.M.A. (2012). Family Poultry as a tool in alleviating environmental hazards in settled areas of Transhumant families in Gezira Scheme, Sudan. Asian Journal for Rural Development, 2, 1-12.

Safalaoh, A. (2012). Pro-poor Innovations? Determinants of Adoption of the Black Australorp Chicken Breed and Application of the Innovation Platform Concept in Malawi1. Paper presented at the 8th International PhD School on Innovation and Economic Development: Globelics Academy 2012, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 20-31 August, 2012 .

Shakya, P.B. & Flinn, J.C. (1985). Adoption of modern varieties and fertilizers use on rice i the Eastern Tarai of Nepal. Journal on Agricultural Economics., 36 (3).

Tambo,A.J & Abdoulaye,T (2012). Climate Change and agricultural technology Adoption : The Case of drought tolerant maize in Rural

Nigeria. Mitig Adapt Strateg Global Change .

Teklewold, H., Dadi, L., Yami A. & Dana N. (2006). Determinants of adoption of poultry technology: a doublehurdle. Livestock Research for Rural Development Volume, 18.

Thiruvenkadan.A.K., Muralidharan., Rajendran.R., S. (2013). Genetic Resources for family poultry production in India. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

USAID. (2010). Value chain Analysis of poultry. Partnership for safe poultry in Kenya (PSPK) Program .

Wachira, M.A, S.K.Mail. (2010). Uptake of improved technologies through disemmination by Indigenous chicken service providers in Southern Rangelands of Kenya.

Wanjugu, N. P. (2013). The factors Influencing Indigenous poultry production in Kathiani District,Machakos County,Kenya. A Research project submitted in Partial fulfilment of the requirement of the Award of the Degree of Master of Arts in Project planning and Management of the University of Nairobi .

Winter, P., Salazar, L. & Mafifioli, A. (2010). Designing Impact evaluations for agricultural projects. Stratecy Development Division, Inter-American Developmnet bank, Washington DC.

Wooldridge, J. 2002. Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA). (2012). Livestock Production and Climate Change.

Yitbarek, M.B. & Andargie, Z. (2013). Performance Evaluation of Local Chicken at Enebsie, Sar Middir, Eastern Gojjam, Ethiopia. World Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences & Technology, 1 (1).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33687/ijae.007.01.2809

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Agricultural Extension

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

 

  

International Journal of Agricultural Extension

ISSN: 2311-6110 (Online), 2311-8547 (Print)

© ESci Journals Publishing. All Rights Reserved.