Participatory potato (solanum tuberosum l.) variety development in Ethiopia. A review

Getachew E. Gemechu

Abstract


Participatory potato variety development includes the identification of the main components, participants and stakeholders, their roles, types of interactions and constraints identified in the system. Some research result indicate that, there is a less complex potato innovation system was observed at the plot site of Ethiopia and a more complex and dynamic system was observed in the case of Peru. Many Achievements were gained by participatory potato variety development in different part of Ethiopia. In southern Ethiopia, Umbulowach, Hawassa Zuria Wereda of Sidama Zone; Marachere variety was preferred by farmers for its excellent response in yield and other traits. In Tigray region of Atsbi woreda, from seven varieties three best performing varieties:  Jalene, Gera, and Gudene were selected for their disease resistance and other quality traits. In North-western Ethiopia, With aid of CASCAPE project in South Achefer, Burie and Jabitehenan Districts, Belete variety was selected for its superior yield, disease and insect tolerance; In West shewa, at Jeldu, Dendi, Wolmera and Degem district, both Farmers Field School (FFS) and Farmers research Group (FRG) were established and a chances were given Farmers to select potato clones suitable to their conditions based on late blight disease resistance and yield.  As    a result, farmer’s ranked as 1st, a potato clone CIP–392650.516 which is the highest yielder and late blight resistant among the tested clones); in Jimma area kersa (serbo), Seka Chekorsa and Dedo Districts, Farmers select Abalolarge 1 st, abateneh 2 nd and Gudane 3 rd as three high yielder variety and in Jimma and Illuababora zone area, variety “Guasa” was selected due to its earliness, high yield advantage and market demand.


Keywords


Potato plant breeding; Potato variety evaluation; Potato variety selection

Full Text:

PDF XPS

References


Abera, D. & Fasil, K., (2004), October. An over view of participatory research experience in Ethiopia agricultural research system. In Proceeding of workshop (pp. 20-21).

Beraka, B.M. & Abrha, G.W. (2014). The Role of Farmers’ Research Group to Promote Improved Technologies in Jimma and Illuababora Zones, Ethiopia. Open Agriculture Journal, 8, 18-27.

Ceccarelli, S. (2012). Plant breeding with farmers. A technical manual.

Chambers, R. Pacey, A., & Thrupp., LA, eds. (1989). Farmer first. Farmer innovation and agricultural research. IT Publ, London

Chindi, A., Gebremedhin, W.G., Solomon, A., & Tessera, M. (2016). Integrated Late Blight Management for Potato: The Case of FFS and FRG in Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Food Science and Quality Management. In international knowledge sharing.

CIP (International Potato Center) and FAO (Food and Agricultural Organizations of the United Nations), (1995). Situation and prospects of the world potato economy. Food and Agricultural organization of the United Nations. 1995, Rome, 39pp.

CSA, (2009). Agricultural sample survey: Report on area and production of crops, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, p.126.

CSA, (2011). Agricultural sample survey: Report on area and production of crops, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.

Endale, G., Gebremedhin, W. & Lemaga, B., (2008). Potato seed management. Root and tuber crops: The untapped resources, pp.53-78.

Engel, P, (1997). The Social Organization of Innovation: A Focus on Stakeholder Interaction, Royal Tropical Institute. The Netherlands.

Engel, P.G. (1997). The social organization of innovation; A focus on stakeholder interaction.

FAO, (2008). International Year of the potato. Sustainable potato production guidelines for developing countries. Rome, Italy.

Gurung, B. & Menter, H., (2004). Mainstreaming gender-sensitive participatory approaches: The CIAT case study. Scaling up and out: achieving widespread impact through agricultural research, pp.257-285.

Hafiz, M. ( 2015). Participatory variety selection and variability of potato (Solanum tuberosum l.) varieties at Jimma Zone, southwest Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Jimma University).

Hall, A., Mytelka, L. & Oyeyinka, B. (2005). Innovation systems: Implications for agricultural policy and practice.

Hassen, A., Worku, A., Tafere, M., Tolla, M. & Ahmed, A. (2015). Participatory Development: Potentials, Limitations and Conceptual frameworks’.

Haverkort, A.J., van Koesveld, M.J., Schepers, H.T.A.M., Wijnands, J.H.M., Wustman, R. & Zhang, X.X., (2012). Potato prospects for Ethiopia: on the road to value addition (No. 528). PPO AGV.

Hawkes , J.G., (1990). The potato: evolution, biodiversity and genetic resources. Belhaven Press.

Hirpa, A., Meuwissen, M.P., Tesfaye, A., Lommen, W.J., Lansink, A.O., Tsegaye, A. & Struik, P.C. (2010). Analysis of seed potato systems in Ethiopia. American journal of potato research, 87(6), pp.537-552.

IFPRI .2010. Seed System potential in Ethiopia, Constraints and opportunities for enhancing production, international food policy research, working paper in Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Agri-Food and Applied Sciences, 1(1), 1-4.

Kaburire, L. & Ruvuga, S. (2006). Networking for agricultural innovation. The MVIWATA national network of farmers’ groups in Tanzania.

Kole, C. ed., (2007). Pulses, sugar and tuber crops (Vol. 3). Springer Science & Business Media.

Lundvall, B.Å., Johnson, B., Andersen, E.S. & Dalum, B. (2002). National systems of production, innovation and competence building. Research policy, 31(2), 213-231.

Mulatu, E., Ibrahim, O.E. & Bekele, E. (2005). Improving potato seed tuber quality and producers' livelihoods in Hararghe, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of New Seeds, 7(3), 31-56.

Nonnecke, I.L. (1989). Vegetable production. Springer Science & Business Media. New York.

Ortiz, O , Orrego, R., Pradel, W., Gildemacher, P., Castillo, R., Otiniano, R., Gabriel, J., Vallejo, J., Torres, O., Woldegiorgis, G., Damene, B., Kakuhenzire, R.,. Kashaija, I. & Kahiu,I. (2007).Participatory Research and Potato-Related Innovation Systems in Bolivia, Ethiopia, Peru and Uganda.

Rhoades, R.E. & Booth, R.H. (1982). Farmer-back-to-farmer: a model for generating acceptable agricultural technology. Agricultural administration, 11(2), 127-137.

Tefera, T.T. (2013). Participatory variety selection of potato (Solanium tuberosum. L) in southern Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture Food and Applied Sciences, 1(1), 1-4.

Yihenew G.S., Tegegne,F., Hassen,A., Kassa,B., Terefe, M., & Tolla, M, (2014). Potato Innovation System Development with Farmers: Lessons from Activities of Cascape Project, Northwestern Ethiopia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33687/ijae.007.01.2651

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Agricultural Extension

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

 

  

International Journal of Agricultural Extension

ISSN: 2311-6110 (Online), 2311-8547 (Print)

© ESci Journals Publishing. All Rights Reserved.