Assessment of skills gap among intermediaries of cotton supply chain in Punjab, Pakistan

Adeel Ahmad, Muhammad Iftikhar, Babar Shahbaz, Chris O. Igodan, Kathy Lechman, Ghazanfar A. Khan

Abstract


Cotton is an important crop in Pakistan as it contributes 1.0% of GDP and 5.1% in agricultural value addition (GOP, 2017). Despite the fact that cotton value chain has strategic importance in Pakistan in terms of its contributions towards GDP, employment, export earnings, poverty alleviation, and empowerment of women, its real value has not yet been realized. One area that has an effect on income of farmers and that has not received attention is the role of middleman in the agricultural marketing. The aims of this study were to address the skill gap of the commission agents and to develop techniques to bridge those gaps. Random sampling technique was used to determine sample size. The total sample size of the study was 50 respondents. SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) was employed to analyze the collected data. Results show that most of the respondents were in their productive ages to make effective decisions and understand features of doing business. Of the total respondents 6% had no education while 94% had education of varied level. Respondents were experienced in doing business of cotton marketing. Most of the commission agents were having awareness gap regarding quality characteristics of cotton. Commission agents had moderate skills level in management of various marketing costs. Mostly the commission agents were not considering fiber fineness, fiber length, fiber strength, fiber maturity and contamination due to hair as factors towards low prices and poor quality of cotton. Weak capacity of institutional infrastructure and lack of marketing system was the major constraint in marketing of cotton. Commission agents should be equipped with training regarding maintenance of quality attributes, management of marketing costs and controlling of various factors affecting price and quality of cotton.  


Keywords


Intermediaries; cotton; skill gap; marketing

Full Text:

PDF XPS

References


Cororaton, C.B. & D. Orden. (2008). Pakistan’s Cotton and Textile Economy: Intersectoral Linkages and Effects on Rural and Urban Poverty. International Food Policy Research Institute.

Cronbach, L.J. (1951). Coefficient Alpha and the Internal Structure of Tests. Psychometrika, 16(3), 297–334.

Government of Pakistan. (2003). Agricultural Marketing System in Punjab. Directorate of Agriculture. Government of Punjab, Lahore.

Government of Pakistan. 2008. Economic Survey of Pakistan. World Cotton Outlook, Agriculture. Islamabad, Finance Division.

Government of Pakistan. (2009). Agricultural Marketing System in Punjab. Directorate of Agriculture. Government of Punjab, Lahore.

Government of Pakistan. (2017). Economic Survey of Pakistan. Cotton Crop, Agriculture. Islamabad, Finance Division.

Malik, S. (2003). The Role of Mass Media in Diffusing Modern Agricultural Techniques in District Sheikhupura. M.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis. Department of Rural Sociology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Planning Commission. (2005). Planning and Development Division, Government of Pakistan.

Quartey, P., C. Udry, S. Al-Hassan and H. Seshi. (2012). The Role of Middlemen in Marketing and Credit Outcomes in GHANA. Agricultural Financing and Credit Constraints: International Growth Center.

Sabir, H.M., S.H. Tahir and M.B. Khan. (2011). Bt. Cotton and Its Impact on Cropping Pattern in Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 31(1), 127-134.

Tegegne, B. (2008). Analysis of Cotton Marketing Chains: The Case of Metema Woreda, North Gondar Zone, Amhara National Regional State. M.Phil Thesis, College Of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, School of Graduate Studies Haramaya University.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33687/ijae.006.03.2644

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Agricultural Extension



 

 

  

International Journal of Agricultural Extension

ISSN: 2311-6110 (Online), 2311-8547 (Print)

© ESci Journals Publishing. All Rights Reserved.