Sukriti Verma


Discrimination against women and girls carry a high development cost. This paper captures and measures gender discrimination not only in economic dimensions but also in socio-political areas as well as inequalities in decision making power at the household level. The paper attempts to scientifically create a “Female Well being Index” through factor analysis, by identifying and using potential indicators in spheres currently absent even in the UNDP’s Gender Inequality Index. Using cross-country data, the paper further empirically stresses that empowerment is not primarily an outcome, but a process, which can be enabled through various policy interventions in political, economic as well as social spheres.


Factor analysis; Female well-being Index; Gender inequalities; Impact analysis

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