CONFLICT AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION: A STUDY OF KASHMIR VALLEY

Inamul Haq

Abstract


Since from the ancient period, the valley of Kashmir has stood for peaceful observation, intellectual advancements and religious diversity. This diversity, evident from the blend of Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism in the state made advancement of warfare rather than cultural advancement. The insurgency in late 1980’s and counter- insurgency from the Indian side in the valley not only threatened Kashmir apart, but also laid its shakes on the rest of the world. The valley of Kashmir is considered as the hazardous place on earth. After the partition of sub-continent (India and Pakistan) in 1947, the state of Jammu and Kashmir becomes an unresolved land. The people who live there has been at the roots of constant tension between the world’s largest democracy (India) and its neighbor (Pakistan). To highlight their advanced technology, the two countries fought three wars (1947, 1965, and 1971) on the Kashmir issue. The uncertainty and lack of any conclusive resolution to the political dispute have left the population of Jammu and Kashmir divided and uncertain about their future. The land of Kashmir, with immense beauty and tourist industry disappear completely in the face of military invasions and terrorist activities and gave birth to human rights violations. The paper would analyze the hidden truth of Kashmir, which created an alienation among people, which becomes a major reason for the uprising in the valley. Besides that, the paper will present the abuses that are still prevailing in the Kashmir valley.


Keywords


Kashmir Conflict; Insurgency; Torture and Enforced Disappearances

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  Journal of South Asian Studies
ISSN: 2307-4000 (Online), 2308-7846 (Print)
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