MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND GANDHI AND JAWAHARLAL NEHRU: A CONCISE COMPARATIVE STUDY

Mir Z. Husain

Abstract


India was fortunate to have the charismatic and enlightened leadership of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. While these two legendary Indian leaders shared a few similarities, in most respects, they were very different. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the principal leaders of the Indian nationalist movement against British colonial rule, the father of the Indian nation, and one of the most successful and well-known practitioners of active, non-violent civil disobedience. His political strategy was emulated by Martin Luther King Jr. during the American Civil Rights Movement, feminists, environmentalists, and countless students and workers demonstrating for democratization all over the world.  In contrast, Nehru was the architect of Indian democracy, rapid modernization, and one of the founding fathers of the Non-Aligned Movement. This paper compares these two famous figures from the developing world through a concise essay and unique table. 


Keywords


Congress Party, Fabian Socialism, Hinduism, Idealist, Jawaharlal Nehru, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Nai taleem, Satyagraha, Swaraj

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