ENTOMOTOXIC ACTIVITY OF POWDER OF CLEISTOPHOLIS PATENS BENTH AGAINST THE INDIAN MEAL MOTH, PLODIA INTERPUNCTELLA (HÜBNER) (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE)

Akinneye J. Onaolapo

Abstract


This study investigated the insecticidal activity of parts of Cleistopholis patens against developmental stages of Plodia interpunctella in stored maize grains. The efficacies of the powders as contact and fumigant insecticides were evaluated by admixing different concentrations (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5g) to maize grains containing developmental stages of the moth. Egg hatchability, adult emergence, larvae mortality and adult mortality of the moth were used as indices of the insecticidal activities at 24hrs, 48hrs, 72hrs, and 96hrs post-treatment periods. The powders from the root bark and stem bark of C. patens completely inhibited egg hatching and adult emergence as both contact and fumigant insecticide. Also, they evoked 100% mortality at 2.5% protectant concentration at 96hrs post-treatment period against larvae and adult P. interpunctella. The leaf powder was the least effective as both contact and fumigant insecticide.

Keywords


Mortality; development; insecticidal; protectant; powder; oil

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References


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