An assessment of effectiveness of participatory video and drama in enhancing learning of “climate-smart” push-pull technology: a case study of butere and vihiga farmers in western Kenya

Wakesho George, Pittchar Jimmy, Midega Charles, Khan Zeyaur

Abstract


This study assessed the effectiveness of participatory video and drama in enhancing learning of climate-smart push-pull technology in western Kenya. A total of 80 farmers who had no knowledge of push pull technology were exposed to participatory drama and video that had been developed by farmers who are adopting push pull technology. Validated questionnaires were used for data collection where sampled non push pull farmers were interviewed before and after exposure to push pull knowledge using participatory video and drama. Data obtained was analyzed using chi square at 0.05 confidence level set a priori and also presented using frequency tables, percentages, charts and averages relevant. Results show that the effectiveness of participatory video and drama in disseminating   push pull content is significantly differentiated by the type or component of the push pull knowledge being disseminated. For instance, among farmers exposed to drama, 38.4% were rated as average and good in their understanding of Push Pull concepts, descriptions and definitions compared 19.2% for farmers exposed to participatory video (χ^2=15.949, p<0.05). This is completely different for push pull knowledge contents of “establishment and management of Push pull fields”, where among farmers exposed to video,46.1% were rated as good and average compared to 28.2% who were exposed to drama (χ^2=10.1921, p=<5). The study concludes that while both methods are cost effective, drama is more effective in  the attraction of larger crowd ,ignition of initial  interest  and educating farmers  on  minimum basics of push pull technology .Participatory video does better in explaining deeper details of push pull knowledge where farmers need not only to hear of the technology but also to adopt it .However no single dissemination method can work perfectly alone, whereas drama can be used as an introductory in attracting the crowd and teaching the basic technological knowledge of push pull technology, this knowledge can be affirmed for purposes of actual adoption by other dissemination methodologies like   participatory video.

 


Keywords


Push Pull technology; Participatory video and Drama; Dissemination

Full Text:

PDF XPS

References


Amudavi, D.M., Z.R. Khan., J.M. Wanyama., C.A.O. Midega, J. Pittchar, I.M., Nyangau, A. Hassanali & J.A. Pickett. (2009). Assessment of Technical Efficiency of Farmer Teachers in the Uptake and Dissemination of Push–Pull Technology in Western Kenya. In: Crop Protection, 28(11), 987-996.

Crandall, A. (2013). Kenyan Farmers’ Use of Cell Phones: Calling preferred over SMS.

Daberkow, S.G & Mcbride, D.W (2001). Information and the Adoption of Precision Farming Technologies; Selected paper for presentation at the 2001 AAEA meetings, August 5-8

Dimitrov, D.M & Rumrill, P.D. (2003). Pretest-posttest designs and measurement of change; Working paper no. 20, 159–165.

Feder, G., Murgai R., Quizon, J. B. (2004). The Acquisition and Diffusion of Knowledge: The Case of Pest Management Training in Farmer Field Schools, Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 55 (2), 221-243.

Fortino, A. (2012). Using Drama to Enhance Adult Learning.

Gakuru, M., Winters, K., & Stepman, F. (2009). Innovative Farmers’ Advisory Services Using ICT. Paper presented at W3C Workshop “Afrika Perspective on the Role of Mobile Technologies in Fostering Social Development”, Maputo, Mozambique. 1-2 April.

Gandhi, R., Veeraraghavan, R., Toyama, K., & Ramprasad, V. (2009). Digital Green: Participatory Video and Mediated Instruction for Agricultural Extension. Spring. 5(1), 1-15.

Ganesan, M., Umadikar, J & Prashant, S. (2015). Assessment of Mobile Voice Agricultural Messages Given to Farmers of Cauvery Delta Zone of Tamil Nadu, India. The Journal of Community Informatics. 11(1).

Khan, Z.R., Amudavi D.M.., Midega., C.A.O., Wanyama J.M & Pickett J.A. (2008a). Farmers’ Perceptions of a ‘Push–Pull’ Technology for Control of Cereal Stem Borers and Striga Weed in Western Kenya. In: Crop protection, 27(6), 976-987.

Lunch, N and Lunch C. (2006): Insights into Participatory Video: A Handbook for the field. Insight: Oxford.

Masuki, K. F. G., Kamugisha, R., Mowo, J. G., Tanui, J., Tukahirwa, J., Mogoi, J & Adera E. O. (2010). Role of Mobile Phones in Improving Communication and Information Delivery for Agricultural

Development: Lessons from South Western Uganda; Presented in Workshop at Makerere University, Uganda. 22-23 March 2010.

Mittal, S., Gandhi, S. & Tripathi, G. (2010). Socio-economic Impact of Mobile Phone on Indian Agriculture. ICRIER Working Paper no. 246. International Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi.

Moore, M. M (2004); Using Drama as an Effective Method to Teach Elementary Students; Senior Honors Theses. Paper 113.

Murage A.W., Obare G., Chianu, J., Amudavi D.M., Midega, C.A.O., Pickett JA & Khan Z.R. (2012). The Effectiveness of Dissemination Pathways on Adoption of “Push-Pull” Technology in Western Kenya; Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, 51(1), 51-71..

Ravinder, K. D. & Vister ,J. (2010). Mobile Phones - Boon to Rural Social System. Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal, 1(4).

Sarker, M. A., Chowdhury, A. H., MIah, M. A. M., & Peloschek, F. A. (2014). Participatory Videos: A New Media for Promoting Organic Farming in Northern Bangladesh. Building

Shaw, J. and Robertson, C. (1997), Participatory video: A Practical Approach to Using Video Creatively In Group Development Work. London, Routledge.

Singh, R.P. (2011). Delivery Mechanism of Agricultural Extension Services to Farmer in India: An Overview. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 11 (1).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 

  

International Journal of Agricultural Extension

ISSN: 2311-6110 (Online), 2311-8547 (Print)

© ESci Journals Publishing. All Rights Reserved.